By A.J. Larner
The Dictionary of Neurological indicators should be virtually to boot defined by way of what the publication isn't really, in addition to information about what it's. The Dictionary isn't really a guide for therapy of neuropathies. whereas many entries give you the most up-to-date healing procedures, up to date remedies usually are not mentioned in bedside point aspect. The Dictionary isn't a board overview booklet since it isn't really in Q&A layout yet may well simply serve in that means due to the fact that each one access is a reasonably entire picture of a particular illness or disorder. The Dictionary is an alphabetical directory of in general featuring neurological illnesses and issues designed to lead the general practitioner towards the right kind scientific prognosis. The content material is targeted, problem-based, concise and functional. The dependent entries during this useful, scientific source supply a thumbnail of quite a lot of neurological symptoms. every one access contains: • definition of the signal • a short account of the scientific strategy required to elicit the signal • description of the opposite indicators that could accompany the index signal • rationalization of pathyophysiological and/or pharmacological history • differential analysis • short remedy information. the place identified, the entries additionally comprise neuroanatomical foundation of the signal. TheDictionary offers functional, concise solutions to advanced medical questions.
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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Neurological Signs
References Fénélon G, Mahieux F, Huon R, Ziegler M. Hallucinations in Parkinson’s disease: prevalence, phenomenology and risk factors. Brain 2000; 123: 733-745 Cross References Hallucination; Parkinsonism Apallic Syndrome - see VEGETATIVE STATES Apathy Apathy is a neurobehavioral disorder characterized by a lack of interest in environmental stimuli, manifest as listlessness, paucity of spontaneous movement (akinesia) or speech (mutism), and lack of initiative, spontaneity and drive. These are all features of the abulic state, and it has been suggested that apathy and abulia represent different points on a continuum of motivational and emotional deficit, abulia being at the more severe end.
Apathy is not depression. Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience 1998; 10: 314-319 Marin RS. Differential diagnosis and classification of apathy. American Journal of Psychiatry 1990; 147: 22-30 Mega MS, Cummings JL, Fiorello T, Gornbein J. The spectrum of behavioral changes in Alzheimer’s disease. Neurology 1996; 46: 130-135 Starkstein SE, Fedorof JP, Price TR, Leiguarda R, Robinson RG. Apathy following cerebrovascular lesions. Stroke 1993; 24: 1625-1630 Cross References Abulia; Akinetic mutism; Dementia; Frontal lobe syndromes Aphasia Aphasia, or dysphasia, is an acquired loss or impairment of language (as opposed to speech) function.
Archives of Neurology 1981; 38: 561-569 Cross References Agnosia: Anosognosia; Aphasia; Aphemia; Broca’s aphasia; Fisher’s sign; Visual extinction Arc de Cercle - see OPISTHOTONOS Arcuate Scotoma An arcuate scotoma suggests retinal or optic nerve disease, such as glaucoma, acute ischemic optic neuropathy, or the presence of drusen. Cross References Retinopathy; Scotoma Areflexia Areflexia is an absence or a loss of tendon reflexes. This may be physiological, in that some individuals never demonstrate tendon reflexes, or pathological, reflecting an anatomical interruption or physiological dysfunction at any point along the monosynaptic reflex pathway, which is the neuroanatomical substrate of phasic stretch reflexes.