By Harald Muller
During this research of the level to which eu nations have improved in the direction of a nuclear non-proliferation coverage, six international locations are reviewed - West Germany, France, Italy, The Netherlands, Spain and the uk. It means that the nations of the eu group have a necessary function to play in non-proliferation international relations with a purpose to hinder the area outlook turning into more and more harmful and volatile. the 1st manufactured from a long term multi-national venture sponsered by way of the Rockerfeller Brothers Fund, this research surveys current tendencies, indicates ways that rules might be more advantageous and spells out how the furnish of universal curiosity and ultimate contradictory personal tastes determine within the ecu associations, in overseas organisations and in nuclear palms keep watch over coverage. Harald Muller has additionally edited "A eu Non-Proliferation coverage: customers and difficulties" and "Blocking the unfold of Nuclear Weapons".
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Extra resources for A Survey of European Nuclear Policy, 1985–87
Developments Abroad The main events outside Western Europe affecting non-proliferation were: - Statements, later denied, by a leading Pakistani scientist, indicating that Pakistan may be making a nuclear weapon. This is not the first time that statements of this kind have been made and there are some reasons for being sceptical. Nevertheless the risks of open proliferation and of a new nuclear arms race are greater in this region than anywhere else and any exacerbation of Indian or Pakistani suspicions about the other's programme is cause for concern.
To cite just one example, Babcock & Wilcox is the principal supplier of heavy components to both civil and military reactor markets in Britain. a. a. Source: Jane's Fighting Ships, 1986-87, Jane's Publishing Company, London. There are three consequences of note. First, the military programmes strengthen the political ring-fences around civil nuclear power in France and Britain. This is especially notable in relation to reprocessing. ) not available in non-nuclear weapon states. And third, the expanding nuclear force modernisation programmes imply that, as in the United States, nuclear production in Great Britain and France is becoming more rather than less militarised.
Tied to it, the United States is also embarking on a major programme to replace aging military reactors, when the construction of civilian reactors has become a virtual impossibility. This brings us to the third conclusion - that the increasing military orientation of nuclear programmes in Great Britain, France and the United States can only have a negative effect on non-proliferation efforts. In addition to raising industrial reliance on military markets and hampering the separation of military and civilian fuel cycles, innovation in nuclear weapons systems has become an obstacle to a comprehensive test ban and may presage a new cycle of investment in defensive and offensive nuclear capabilities in the 1990s.